|The term seafood includes fresh and saltwater fish and shellfish.|
|Crustaceans: crabs, shrimps and lobsters|
|Anchovies are found in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans|
Originates from the Portuguese anchova, which probably is a modification of the Latin word apua which means ‘small fish’, from the Greek aphye meaning ‘small fry.’ First known use of the word is supposed to have been in the late 16th century.
|Barracudas are prefer to swim near coral reefs in warmer, coastal regions.|
Barracuda, the name, has American Spanish origin. Probably first used during the 17th century.
|Basa is a freshwater fish.|
This member of the catfish family, found in abundance in the Mekong River, has got its name from the Vietnamese word for the species. It is also now cultivated in coastal Andhra Pradesh, India.
|Crabs have 10 legs|
From Middle English crabbe, a modification of Old English crabba, probably derived from Old High German krebiz. Is first expected to have been used during the 12th century.
|Halibuts are demersal fish|
Called ‘haly-butte’ in Middle English, this fish used to be eaten on holy days in the early 15th century. ‘Butte’ translate as flatfish and ‘haly’ probably stood for ‘hali’ as in ‘holy.’
|Lobsters are found in all the world’s oceans|
From Old English loppestre, loppe ‘spider’, a modicificatio of Latin locusta, lucusta “lobster, locust.” Earliest known use is said to have been before the 12th century.
|The octopus has arms and not tentacles|
From Latin octopod, derived from Greek oktōpous, okto translates to eight and pous means foot so it literally means ‘eight-foot.’ First known usage was in 1758.
|In India, Pomfret is found in abundance along the west coast (Gujarat down to Kerala),
and the east coast (Orissa and lower West Bengal).
Pomfret, a modification of pamflet, was probably derived from French pample, which in turn originated from Portuguese pampo. The earliest known use of this word is expected to have been in 1813.
|Like other crustaceans, prawns also have 5 pairs of legs|
From the Middle English prane. The earliest known use of this word was sometime during the 15th century.
|Most salmons go back to the river where they were born to spawn|
The origins of this name are supposedly from Anglo-French samoun, derived from Old French salmon, which probably originated from Latin salmonem. Expected to have first been used in the early 13th century.
|Snappers inhabit the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans|
The snapper probably gets its name due its big molars. Earliest known use of this word is supposed to have been in 1587.
|Squid are found in both warm tropic and lower temperature waters|
Although the origin of the name squid is unknown there’s a possibility that it is derived from the word squirt, due to its ability to squirt out ink. First known use is supposed to have been in 1613.
|Trevallies prefer to swim close to the seabed|
The origin of the name of this marine and freshwater dwelling fish is uncertain. This name was probably first used in 1871.
|Tuna is one of the most popular seafood across the globe|
American Spanish origin, from Spanish atun, probably derived from Latin tunny. Expected to have first been used in 1555.
|Trouts are usually a freshwater fish|
From Old English trūht, derived from Late Latin tructa, probably from Greek trōktēs which literally translates to gnawer (nibbler). Expected to have beed used as early as the 12th century.
|Tilapia is a warm water fish|
The name of this freshwater fish is derived from Modern Latin. First known use was in 1849.
- Online Etymology Dictionary
- Oxford English Dictionary
- New World Encyclopedia
- Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822). Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme,
- News Article: Fish consumption reaches all-time high, published on 1st January 2011, Rome, The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
Image Credit: Seafood
Image Credit: Fish
Image Credit: Crustaceans
Image Credit: Anchovy
Image Credit: Barracuda
Image Credit: Basa
Image Credit: Crab
Image Credit: Halibut
Image Credit: Lobster
Image Credit: Octopus
Image Credit: Pomfret
Image Credit: Prawns
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Image Credit: Snapper
Image Credit: Squid
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Image Credit: Tuna
Image Credit: Trout
Image Credit: Tilapia